vastuka :Chenopodium murale is an erect, usually many branched annual growing 30 - 100cm long.
The plant is sometimes gathered from the wild for local use as a food.
Kingdom: Plantae - Plants
Superdivision: Spermatophyta - Seed plants
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicotyledons
Species: Chenopodium murale
VERNACULAR NAMESSanskrit: वास्तुक vastuka, shaka patra, kambira, prasadaka
English: Nettle-Leaved Goosefoot, Australian-spinach, salt-green •
Hindi: goyalo , बथुवा bathuwa
Telugu: పప్పుకూర pappukura, వాస్తుకము vastukamu
Bengali: বেথো শাক betho shaak, বেথুয়া শাক bethuya shaak
Marathi: चाकवत chakvat, वासुकें vasukem
Oriya: ବଥୁଆ ଶାଗ bathua sag •
Gujarathi: બથવો bathavo, ચીલની ભાજી chilani bhaji
Tamil: சக்கரவர்த்தி கீரை chakravarthi keerai, பருப்புக்கீரை paruppu-k-kirai
Malayalam: പരിപ്പുചീര parippuchira, വാസ്തുചീര vastuchira
Kannada: ಚಕ್ರವರ್ತಿ chakravarti, ಚಕ್ಕವತ್ತ chakkavatta, ಹುಚ್ಚ ಚಕ್ಕೋತ huchcha chakkota
Assamese: বথুৱা শাক bathuwa shaak, জিলমিল শাক jilmil shaak
Nepal: बेथे bethe
Varities:Vāstūka is mainly of two types: Gauravāstūka and Sugandhavāstūka. The species with bigger and red leaves is identified as Gauravāstūka or Chenopodium purpurascens (synonym of Chenopodium giganteum). This is refered by Surendra Mohan in Kaidevanighaṇṭu as Cillī and the American species containing 60% Chenopodium is known as Chenopodium ambrosioides (synonym of Dysphania ambrosioides). Chuṇekar has described it by the name Sugandhavāstūka. Chenopodium botrys (synonym of Dysphania botrys) is used as a substitute for the American species.
DefinitionCertain plant parts of Vāstuka are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. Note that Chenopodium murale is a synonym of Chenopodiastrum murale.
SynonymsSynonyms in Ayurveda: vastuka, cilli, brihat bala, rakta, cillika, gauda vastuka, katinjara, vastuka bheda , shaka patra, kambira, prasadaka , Yavasaka
Yavaśāka - because it grows in the fields of barley (and also wheat)
It is a common weed of fields and roadsides. The seeds are edible, and the shoots, stalks, and leaves can be eaten as greens It also states that it is a "pot-herb", which may be utilised in the same manner as spinach.
Cultivation:An easily grown plant, succeeding in most soils but disliking shade. It prefers a moderately fertile soil[
Propogation:Seed - sow spring in situ. Most of the seed usually germinates within a few days of sowing.
Harvesting:The plant is widely naturalized as a weed in the Americas
Phytochemistry:Palmitic acid, carnaubic acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid, nonacosane, oleyl alcohol, sitosterol, betaine, amino acids, sterol, ferulic acid, vanillic acid, aleanolic acid, L-1-leucine, ferulic acid, vanillic acid.
Parts used for medicinal purposeLeaves, Seed, Whole plant, ,
Dosage:The appropriate dose of chenopodium oil depends on several factors such as the users age, health, and several other conditions.
Morphology:It is an invasive weed found in temperate countries, which grows to a height of 50 cm. The stems are glabrous, greenish and somewhat succulent. Leaves: simple, alternate and without stipules. The petiole is 1.5 cm–5mm long, grooved and covered with microscopic cupshaped scales. The blade is thick, 2.5 cm×3.2 cm–1.8 cm×7 mm, triangular, incised, and covered with microscopic cup-shaped scales.The base of the blade is acuminate, the midrib and secondary nerves are flat above and raised below, and the blade shows 3– 5 pairs of secondary nerves.The inflorescences are axillary or terminal 2 cm long spikes. The flowers are 2mm in diameter and comprise of 5 sepals, 5 stamens and a bifid style. The seeds are very small and black.
Geographical distribution:Africa, Angola, Argentina, Asia, Australia, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bolivia, Central Africa, Central America, Chile, Chad, Congo, Dominican Republic, East Africa, Egypt, Europe*, Ghana, Haiti, India, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Morocco, Norfolk Island, North Africa, North America, Oman, Pacific, Papua New Guinea, PNG, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Socotra, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, Southern Africa, Swaziland, Tasmania, United Arab Emirates, UAE, Uruguay, USA, West Africa, West Indies, Western Sahara, Yemen, Zimbabwe.
General Use:To treat kidney stone, piles, swelling(Internal), jaundice, Anemia, irregular mensuration and blood purifier.
Therapeutic Uses:Arsa, pravahika, raktapitta, urustambha, vataja-kasa, raktapradara (root)
Systemic Use:Many species of Chenopodium are being used traditionally in indigenous systems of medicine for the treatment of numerous ailments. C. album improves the appetite, acts as anthelmintic, laxative, diuretic and tonic. It is also useful in biliousness, vata and kapha, abdominal pain and eye diseases. It is used in the form of pot herb in piles. The finely powdered leaves are used as a dusting powder about the external genitalia in children
Administration:Leaves and young shoots - raw or cooked as a spinach
- Phenolic allelochemicals released by Chenopodium murale affect the growth, nodulation and macromolecule content in chickpea and pea Daizy R. Batish Æ K. Lavanya Æ Harminder Pal Singh Æ Ravinder Kumar Kohli
- Phytochemical Evaluation of Chenopodium murale Linn. by Ahamad Bashir, Jan Qasim, Bashir Shumaila, Muhammad Iqbal Choudhary
Precautions:Pregnancy and breast-feeding: It’s UNSAFE for anyone, especially pregnant or breast-feeding women, to take chenopodium oil. It contains poisonous chemicals.
Toxicity studies:many of the species in this genus contain saponins, though usually in quantities too small to do any harm. Although toxic, saponins are poorly absorbed by the body and most pass straight through without any problem. They are also broken down to a large extent in the cooking process. Saponins are found in many foods, such as some beans. Saponins are much more toxic to some creatures, such as fish, and hunting tribes have traditionally put large quantities of them in streams, lakes etc in order to stupefy or kill the fish[K]. The plants also contain some oxalic acid, which in large quantities can lock up some of the nutrients in the food. However, even considering this, they are very nutritious vegetables in reasonable quantities. Cooking the plants will reduce their content of oxalic acid.
Use in other system of medicine:Traditional uses in Tunisia: Leaves used for Fever, kidney diseases
CONCLUSION:Chenopodiastrum murale (Syn. Chenopodium murale) is a species of plant in the amaranth family known by the common names Nettle-leaved Goosefoot, Australian-spinach, salt-green, and sowbane.This plant is native to Europe and parts of Asia and northern Africa, but it is widespread worldwide, particularly in tropical and subtropical areas due to the ease of it being introduced It is a common weed of fields and roadsides.
KEY WORDS: vastuka Chenopodium murale Linn.
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