Saptachakra is an Ayurvedic herb which is used to treat obesity, piles, dysmenorrhea, hepatomegaly and localized swelling associated with pain.
Latin name- Salacia reticulata Linn., Salacia chinensis
Kingdom: Plantae - Plants
Species: S. reticulata
VERNACULAR NAMESEnglish: Chinese salacia, Lolly berry
Malayalam: Cheru kuranti
Kannada: Ekanayaka, Ekanayakana Balli
SynonymsSynonyms in Ayurveda: Svarna mula, Saptachakra
Svarna mula- The bark of the root is golden colored
Saptachakra- When the root is cut it shows 7 wheel like structures
Rasa: Kashaya Tikta
Guna: Laghu Ruksha Teeskhsna
Karma: Kaphahara Vatahara
Phytochemistry:The root bark contains proantho-cyanidins, consisting of monomeric leucopelargonidin, triterpenoids, mangiferine, phlobatannin and glucosidal tannins. The stem of the plant contains gutta, dulcitol and proanthocyanidin consisting of dimer of leucopelargonidin
Parts used for medicinal purposeRoot, Root bark, ,
Powder – 1-3 g
Decoction- 50-100 ml
The paste of the root of Salacia reticulata is applied locally to relieve swelling and pain.
The powder of the root of saptachakra is given in a dose of 5-6 g to treat dysmenorrhea.
The powder of the root is given in a dose of 4-5 g to treat diabetes.
The decoction of the root bark is given in a dose of 40-50 ml in divided dose to control excessive sweating.
The root paste of the plant Salacia reticulate is applied over the external piles to treat it.
The decoction of the plant is given as a uterine stimulant in a dose of 25-30 ml daily.
Anti- obesity effect: The extracts of Salacia reticulata (Salacia extract), a plant that has been used for the treatment of early diabetes, rheumatism and gonorrhea in Ayurveda, have been shown to have an anti-obesity effect and suppress hyperglycemia. In this study, the effects of Salacia extract on various symptoms of metabolic disorder were investigated and compared using these TSOD mice and non-obese TSNO mice.
Anti- diabetic and Anti- hyperlipidemic effect: In human studies, Salacia extracts have been shown to decrease plasma glucose and insulin levels, decrease HbA1c, and modulate serum lipid levels with no adverse effects being reported. Similar results have been demonstrated in rat and mouse models as well as in vitro systems.
Anti diabetic and Anti obesity effect: Salacia sps belong to family Celastacea have prominent place in plant based medicine because it is used in management of diabetes and obesity. Salacia sps contain salacinol, katnanol, mangiferin are active principles which inhibit ?-glucosidase enzyme and slow down the absorption of glucose in intestine. Salacia species possess many therapeutic properties like anti-obesity, anti-diabetic etc.
The root extract of Salacia reticulata Wight (family: Celastraceae) is used in Sri Lanka by traditional practitioners as a herbal therapy for glycemic control even during pregnancy. It is recognized that some clinically used anti-diabetic drugs have harmful effects on pregnancy but the effects of the S. reticulata root extract on reproductive outcome is unknown and deserves examination. The authors of this article determined the effects of the S. reticulata root extract on the reproductive outcome of Wistar rats (250-260 g) when administered orally (10 g/kg) during early (days 1-7) and mid- (days 7-14) pregnancy. The root extract significantly (P<0.05) enhanced post-implantation losses
We conclude that the S. reticulata root extract can be hazardous to successful pregnancy in women and should not be used in pregnancy complicated by diabetes.
Precautions:The decoction of the plant saptachakra may cause abortion if given in a large dose or for long duration of time. Hence the intake of the herb should be avoided during pregnancy.
Ayurvedic Formulations:Common Ayurvedic Formulations of Saptachakra with their Indications
Paranthyadi tailam - It is an ayurvedic medicated oil used externally in the treatment of spider bite, dermatitis, insect bites.
Himasagara tailam - It is an ayurvedic oil applied externally to treat neuro muscular diseases, frozen shoulders, muscle emaciation, burning sensation of the body. It is also used for shiro dhara to treat insomnia. Vaatarogas, Kshatam ( injury ), kshayam, sosham, hanu and manya stambha (stiffness of jaws and neck ), Ksheenam (weakness ) Sarvaanga santhaapam ( Burning sensation all over the body). - Both head and body.
Katakakhadiradi Kashayam - This medicine is available in decoction and capsule form to treat diabetes.
Niruryadi Gulika - This is a tablet used for the treatment of diabetes and is available in tablet form.
Glucostat capsule - This is a proprietary ayurvedic medicine used in the treatment of diabetes. It acts as pancreatic stimulant and insulin sensitizer.
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- » Chemical Constituents of Saptachakra
- » Standardization of Saptachakra
- » Parts used and Dosage of Saptachakra
- » Morphology and Histology of Saptachakra
- » Distribution and Conservation of Saptachakra
- » Cultivation of Saptachakra
- » Saptachakra in the market
- » Medicinal Uses of Saptachakra
- » Researches and clinical trails of Saptachakra
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