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sudarshana - Crinum asiaticum Linn.

sudarshana :

sudarshana : Crinum asiaticum Linn. Crinum asiaticum (poison bulb, giant crinum lily, grand crinum lily, spider lily) is a plant species widely planted in many warmer regions as an ornamental. It is a bulb-forming perennial producing an umbel of large, showy flowers that are prized by gardeners. All parts of the plant are, however, poisonous if ingested. Some reports indicate exposure to the sap may cause skin irritation


In Southeast Asian countries, C. asiaticum has a considerable medicinal reputation as a potent folk medicine in the treatment of injury and inflamed joints

Taxonomical Classification

Kingdom: Plantae - Plants
Subkingdom: Streptophyta
Superdivision: Spermatophyta - Seed plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicotyledons
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Genus: crinium
Species: Crinum asiaticum


Sanskrit: sudarshana, sudarshan, vishamandala, nagadamani, somavalli, cakrangi, madhuparnila
English: poison bulb / Crinum Lily/ Spider Lily.
Hindi: Sudarshana/ Chinder/ Chintaara/ Badakanvar
Urdu: Nagdaun
Telugu: Kesarchettu/ Vishamugali
Bengali: Sukhadarshana/ Banakanur
Marathi: Gadambi Kanda
Konkani: Kirathi Maari
Oriya: Arsa/ Arisa/ Hatikanda
Gujarathi: Nagadamani, Nagrikanda
Tamil: Vishapungila
Malayalam: Pulattali
Kannada: Vishamugali
Arabic: Haliyon
Chinese: Quen Chou Lan
Ceylon: Visha Mungil
Burma: Koyang
Nepal: हाडे फूल Haade Phool


 Crinum asiaticum ‘Variegatum


Synonyms in Ayurveda: sudarshana, sudarshan, vishamandala, nagadamani, somavalli, cakrangi, madhuparnila

  • Nagdaman – The big wide leaves resemble a snake hood.
  • Medhi - It improves memory.
  • Rakt Pushpi – Pink Striped trumpet lily is another name in English for Crinum latifolium, which is Sudarshana. Crinum asiaticum has white flowers.
  • Ratnamala – Because the flowers are beautiful and grow from umbel in a circular pattern
  • Vishamandal - Because the leaves juice (10-20 ml dosage) can be used as emetic and purgative to get rid of ingested poison.
  • Vritt Pushpa – Because the flowers grow in a circular pattern.
  • Kandali – Sushruta described Crinum defixum as this plant.
  • Jambu – The fruit resembles Jambu fruit i.e. Java apple or Jamun. The fruit also resembles onion bulb.
  • Dudarshana – It’s also called Dudarshan, as the crushed fruit gives foul smell.
  • Chakravaha – Because the flowers grow on umbels and in circular pattern.
  • Madhuparnika – The leaves taste sweet and bitter

Rasa: Madhura Tikta
Guna: Ruksha Teeskhsna
Veerya: Ushna
Vipaka: Maduram
Karma: Vathakaphahara

 Plant’s root and leaves are known to induce vomiting, perspiration, and purify the bowels.

Plant’s leaves, combined with castor oils and warmed up, are commonly applied to relieve whitlows and other conditions, affecting fingers and toes. As an alternative one may take bruised plant leaves and combine them with castor oil to serve the purpose. The plant is also taken to relieve joint inflammations and sprains.


Cape Lily and other lilies of the Crinum genus can be grown either from seed or bulbs. If growing from bulb then they should be planted at a depth of 20 cm at the end of spring. If you plant from seed then you should use fresh seed as soon as it is ripe and plant at a depth of about 6mm. The plants should be spaced between 45 cm (small species) to 80 cm (large species) and grown in a sunny area of the garden. They like to grow in an humus rich moist soil that is well drained. if you first plan to grow cape (Crinum) lilies indoors first then again fresh seed should be used, it takes from one to three weeks to germinate lilies and it should ideally be done at a temperature of 15 to 20 degrees centigrade.


Propagation of the plants is carried out by seeds or by
vegetative plant parts. The process for plant propagation by
potential application of seeds are termed as sexual propagation
of the plants whereas the utilization of vegetative plant parts like
root, stem, leaf or their modified forms like bulb, tuber, rhizome,
corm etc. are categorized under the vegetative propagation. Both
above modes of plant propagation 


Flowering and Fruiting Time : August - November


Crinamine, lycoricidine, hamayne (bulbispermine, demethylcrinamine), isocraugsodine, palmilycorine, lycoriside, ambelline, crinasiatin, hippadine, bakonine, pratorimine, crinine, powelline, ungeremine, criabetaine, criasbetaine, crinasiadine, crinasiatine, phenanthridine II and others. Lycorine and related phenanthridine alkaloids. Root contains alkaloid narcissine (lycorine) & bulb contains lignanophenanthridine alkaloid - crinasiatine and crinasidadine.


Formulation Sudarshana ghana vati

Parts used for medicinal purpose

Leaves, Root, Root tuber, ,


  • Bulb Powder : 1-2 gm
  • Juice of bulb:   56-112ml (as emetic)
  • Leaves Juice : 5 to 10ml


No information as yet.


-used as a substitute for ipecacuanha.

Commercial value:

Cultivated in gardens.
The bulbs of this species are laxative.
Its seeds are used as purgative and diuretic.
Its leaves are applied in skin infections, and also as expectorant.


Habitat : Habit: An ornamental tuberous, perennial herb, root stock bulbous, bulb extended as neck to, or above ground level as pseudostem.

Bulb (pseudostem) : gowning upto 1.2 m., the bulb it self is unusual because there is not much to it. From the basal plate the stout leaves make a pseudostem that can reach a foot or more above ground.

Leaves : Inflorescence: Many flowered (20-50), umbellate cyme on a stout scape and subtended by 2- large spathaceous bracts.

Flowers are fragrant, 20 to 40, each subtended by a thin, narrow bracteole. Perianth tube is greenish, about 1 centimeter long, the lobes spreading, white, linear, recurved or revolute, about 8 centimeters long and 8 centimeters wide. Filaments are very slender, free and purplish above. Fruits are subglobose, about 5 centimeters in diameter.

Geographical distribution:

It is found throughout tropical Indian subcontinent, Ceylon as wild or cultivated. It is distributed also South China, Java, Timor and other areas of Malayan Islands, Pacific regions and extends to N. and E. Australia. It is native to tropical Asia and now it is a favorite landscape / ornamental plant.


 Ecosystems composed with a great variation of species are more sustain than the ecological areas with less species diversity. Utilization of plants are also categorized in many ways like for food source, medicine etc. As per knowledge and potential of the plant species are utilized for varied purpose

Plant conservation:

Members of the Crinum family are not the easiest to look after, they should be fertilised about three times a year. The leaves and flowers should be cut off once they have died. If you live in a very cold area then the bulbs should be removed from the garden in the autumn, and stored indoors in a cool place. It may take as long as five years before you see flowers from your Crinum lilies.

General Use:

Sudarshan(Crinum latifolium) is a medicinal herb that is used from time immemorial. The leaves of the plant are non-toxic and has anti-inflammatory (swelling reducing), analgesic (pain relieving), antitumor, immune stimulating, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal effects, uterine fibroids, detoxification and tissue regeneration activities. The bulb is said to be poisonous.

For the medicinal purpose the bulb and leaves are used.

Therapeutic Uses:

Biliousness, diaphoretic, earache, elephantiasis, expectorant, stranguary, tonic, urinary troubles, thermogenic, expectorant, vulnerary, laxative, carminative, anthelmintic, diuretic, diaphoretic, nauseant, emetic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and useful in vitiated conditions of pitta and kapha, cough, bronchitis, tumours, wounds, dyspepsia, flatulence, urinary troubles, strangury, intermittent fever and general debility.

Systemic Use:

Leaves of the herb smeared with castor oil and warmed is a useful remedy for repelling vhitlows and other inflammations at the end of toes and fingers. Alternately, you can use bruised leaves of the herb mixed with castor oil for this purpose. The herb is also useful to treat inflamed joints and sprains. 

For earache and other ear complaints, use slightly warmed juice of the leaves mixed with a little salt. You can also use an oil prepared from the fresh juice for this purpose. 

Roasted bulb is used as rubefacient in rheumatism. The bulbs are powerfully emetic and are used to produce vomitting in poisoning especially antiaries.

Bruised leaves act as an efficient insect repellent.


Emetic, diaphoretic, purgative, antibacterial, antiviral, anticancer, antitumour, mast cell degranulation, antimitotic and membrane stabilizing.

Clinical trials:

Crinum asiaticum L., Sp. Pl. 292. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 280. 1892; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1504(1051). 1928; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 290. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 415. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 395. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 802. 1990; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 719. 1997

Experimental induction of Prostatic Hypertrophy in rats for study of leaf extract of Crinum asiaticum L. / Do Trung Dam, Nguyen Ba Hoat, Le Minh Phuong, Nguyen Kim Phuong, Do Thi Phuong


  1. D K Ved, Suma Tagadur Sureshchandra, Vijay Barve, Vijay Srinivas, Sathya Sangeetha, K. Ravikumar, Kartikeyan R., Vaibhav Kulkarni, Ajith S. Kumar, S.N. Venugopal, B. S. Somashekhar, M.V. Sumanth, Noorunissa Begum, Sugandhi Rani, Surekha K.V., and Nikhil Desale. 2016. ( / FRLHTs ENVIS Centre on Medicinal Plants, Bengaluru.
2. Anti-inflammatory, analgesic and anti-lymphocytic activities of the aqueous extract of Crinum giganteum / S D Kapu, Y B Ngwai et al / Journal of Ethnopharmacology • Volume 78, Issue 1, November 2001, Pages 7-13/ doi:10.1016/S0378-8741(01)00308-7


No information as yet.

Toxicity studies:

No information as yet.

Use in other system of medicine:

- Bulbs prepared as an ointment and leaves used as an emollient.
- In India, the leaves and roots are emetic and diaphoretic, used as a substitute for ipecacuanha.
- Warmed succulent leaves smeared with castor oil or bruised leaves mixed with oil are used for whitlow and other inflammations at the ends of toes and fingers. 
- Also used as fomentations on inflamed joints and sprains.
- Juice of leaves, with a little salt, used for earaches and other ear complaints.
- Poultice made from heated, pounded fresh bulb used for osteodynia and rheumatism.
- Juice of fresh bulb is emetic. Also, instilled in the ear to treat otitis.
- Poultice of heated, pounded fresh leaves used for contusion, sprains, fractures, luxations.
- In Java, roots regarded as good emetic.
- Roots used for fevers lumbago, headaches and swellings.
- In Malaysia, used as rheumatic remedy and for local pain relief.
- In Australia, aborigines use warm infusions of C asiaticum bulb to disinfect wounds.
- In the Congo, used for leprosy.
- In Bangladesh, the tribes of Chittagong Hilly areas use the plant for pain, carbuncles, hemorrhoids, earaches, arthritis, leprosy, cold and cough disorders, vomiting, worm infestations. colic, flatulence and fever. Warmed leaves smeared with castor oil applied to end of toes and fingers for repelling inflammations and swelling.
- Bruised leaves used as insect repellent.
- Juice of fresh bulb used as emetic for children. 
- Decoction of dried leaves use as hemorrhoidal wash. 


Crinum is a genus of about 180 species comprising family of various beautiful perennial plants. They are good for decoration, gardens, bouquets and also known as various types of Lilies like Spider lily, Trumpet lily, and Swamp lily and so on. Crinum is basically a tropical plant growing in Asia, South East Asia, Australia, Pacific islands and spread up to Caribbean, Florida and Louisiana.

KEY WORDS: sudarshana Crinum asiaticum Linn.

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