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suci - Atropa acuminata Rorle ex Lindley, Atropa belladonna Linn.

suci :

suci : Atropa acuminata Rorle ex Lindley, Atropa belladonna Linn.
Belladonna, (Atropa belladonna), also called deadly nightshade, tall bushy herb of the nightshade family (Solanaceae), the source of the crude drug of the same name. The highly poisonous plant is a native of wooded or waste areas in central and southern Eurasia. It grows to about 1.5 metres (4–5 feet) tall and has dull green leaves, violet or greenish flowers in the axils of the leaves or in the forks of branches, sweet shiny black berries about the size of cherries, and a large tapering root.


It has a long history of use as a medicine, cosmetic, and poison. Before the Middle Ages, it was used as an anesthetic for surgery; the ancient Romans used it as a poison (the wife of Emperor Augustus and the wife of Claudius both were rumored to have used it for murder); and, predating this, it was used to make poison-tipped arrows. The genus name Atropa comes from Atropos ("unable to be turned aside"), one of the three Fates in Greek mythology, who cut the thread of life after her sisters had spun and measured it; and the name "bella donna" is derived from Italian and means "beautiful woman" because during the Renaissance the herb was used in eye-drops by women to dilate the pupils of the eyes to make them appear seductive

Taxonomical Classification

Kingdom: Plantae - Plants
Subkingdom: Streptophyta
Superdivision: Spermatophyta - Seed plants
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicotyledons
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Atropa
Species: Atropa Belladona

Allied species:



Sanskrit: Suchi
English: Indian belladonna Belladonna, Devils Cherries, Naughty Mans Cherries, Divale, Black Cherry, Devils Herb, Great Morel, Dwayberry
Hindi: अंगूर शेफ़ा Angur Shefa, luckmuna, Luckmunee, साग अंगूर Sag-angur
Urdu: Bikh luffah, Poast bikh luffah
Bengali: Yebruj •
Tamil: Bellatona, Pelletonacceti •
Nepal: बेलाडोना Belaadonaa






Synonyms in Ayurveda: sag angur, angurshapha, suci, girbuti, salakphala

The name Atropa belladonna was published by Linnaeus in Species Plantarum in 1753. It is in the nightshade family (Solanaceae), which it shares with potatoestomatoeseggplantsjimsonweedtobaccowolfberry, and chili peppers. The common names for this species include belladonna, deadly nightshade, divale, dwale,banewort, devils berries, death cherries, beautiful death, devils herb, great morel, and dwayberry.

The name Atropa is derived from that of the Greek goddess Atropos - she who may not be turned aside i.e. the implacable - one of the three Greek fates or destinies who would determine the course of a mans life by the weaving of threads that symbolized his birth, the events in his life, and finally his death, with Atropos cutting these threads to mark the last of these.The name "belladonna" comes from the Italian language, meaning "beautiful lady"; originating either from its usage as cosmetic for the face or, more probably, from its usage to increase the pupil size in women.

Rasa: Kashaya Katu Tikta
Guna: Ruksha Ushna
Veerya: Ushna
Vipaka: Katu

The plant is believed to be narcotic, diuretic, sedative, antispasmodic, mydriatic. Belladonna is a most valuable plant in the treatment of eye diseases, Atropine, obtained during extraction, being its most important constituent on account of its power of dilating the pupil


The northerly limits for cultivating this plant are about 50 - 55° north and at an elevation between 100 - 200 metres.
Succeeds in any well-drained moisture retentive soil in sun or partial shade[]. Prefers a calcareous soil. When grown as a medicinal plant, the highest levels of the medically active alkaloids are obtained from plants growing on a light, permeable chalky soil, especially when on a south-west facing slope The highest concentrations are also formed when the plant is growing in a sunny position and in hot summers
Plants tend to be short-lived
Slugs are very fond of this plant and have been known to completely remove the outer bark from the stems


Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Germination of stored seed is slow and erratic, usually taking 1 - 6 months at 10°c. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
Cuttings of softwood terminal shoots in spring
Root cuttings in winter


The root is the most active part of the plant, it is harvested in the autumn and can be 1 - 3 years old, though the older roots are very large and difficult to dig up. The leaves are harvested in late spring and dried for later use
The entire plant, harvested when coming into flower, is used to make a homeopathic remedy. This is used especially in cases where there is localised and painful inflammation that radiates heat. It is also used to treat sunstroke and painful menstruation

Parts used for medicinal purpose

Leaves, Root, Stem, ,


-Atropa belladonna has unpredictable effects. The antidote for belladonna poisoning is physostigmine or pilocarpine, the same as for atropine.

The regular use of Colchicines can cause severe
irritation to intestines. To counteract this, it is
advisable to use the drug with Suchi (Atropa Belladonna
Linn.) and Khurasani Ajvain (Hyoscyamus niger Linn.)





Commercial value:


Geographical distribution:

It is native to Europe, North Africa, and Western Asia. Its distribution extends from Great Britain in the west to western Ukraine and the Iranian province of Gilan in the east. It is also naturalised or introduced in some parts of Canada and the United States



Plant conservation:



The active components of belladonna mediate anticholinergic actions. The main effects include inhibition of secretions such as dry mouth, tachycardia, pupillary dilation and paralysis of accommodation, relaxation of smooth muscles in the gut, bronchi, biliary tract and bladder (urinary retention), and inhibition of gastric acid secretion [3]. Atropine is a stimulant of the central nervous system 


Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Belladonna is LIKELY UNSAFE when taken by mouth during pregnancy. Belladonna contains potentially toxic chemicals and has been linked to reports of serious side effects. Belladonna is also LIKELY UNSAFE during breast-feeding. It can reduce milk production and also passes into breast milk.

Congestive heart failure (CHF): Belladonna might cause rapid heartbeat (tachycardia) and might make CHF worse.

Constipation: Belladonna might make constipation worse.

Down syndrome: People with Down syndrome might be extra-sensitive to the potentially toxic chemicals in belladonna and their harmful effects.

Esophageal reflux: Belladonna might make esophageal reflux worse.

Fever: Belladonna might increase the risk of overheating in people with fever.

Stomach ulcers: Belladonna might make stomach ulcers worse.

Gastrointestinal (GI) tract infections: Belladonna might slow emptying of the intestine, causing retention of bacteria and viruses that can cause infection.

Gastrointestinal (GI) tract blockage: Belladonna might make obstructive GI tract diseases (including atony, paralytic ileus, and stenosis) worse.

Hiatal hernia: Belladonna might make hiatal hernia worse.

High blood pressure: Taking large amounts of belladona can increase blood pressure. This might make blood pressure become too high in people with high blood pressure.

Narrow-angle glaucoma: Belladonna might make narrow-angle glaucoma worse.

Psychiatric disorders. Taking larga mounts of belladonna might worsen psychiatric disorders.

Rapid heartbeat (tachycardia): Belladonna might make rapid heartbeat worse.

Ulcerative colitis: Belladonna might promote complications of ulcerative colitis.

Difficulty urinating (urinary retention): Belladonna might make this urinary retention worse.

Toxicity studies:

Belladonna is LIKELY UNSAFE when taken by mouth. It contains chemicals that can be toxic.
The foliage and berries are extremely toxic when ingested, containing tropane alkaloids. These toxins include atropine, scopolamine and hyoscyamine, which cause delirium and hallucinations, and are also used as pharmaceutical anticholinergics

Side effects can include dry mouth, enlarged pupils, blurred vision, red dry skin, fever, fast heartbeat, inability to urinate or sweat, hallucinations, spasms, mental problems, convulsions, and coma.

KEY WORDS: suci Atropa acuminata Rorle ex Lindley, Atropa belladonna Linn.

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