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sahacara - Casearia esculanta Roxb.

sahacara :

sahacara  : Casearia esculenta Roxb. Casearia esculenta is often only a shrub when growing in the open, though it can become more tree-like when growing in forests
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine, and is also occasionally used as a food.

Taxonomical Classification

Kingdom: Plantae - Plants
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicotyledons
Family: FlacourtiaceaeSamydaceae
Genus: Casearia
Species: Casearia esculenta


Sanskrit: सप्तचक्र Saptachakra, स्वर्णमूलः Svarnamulah
English: wild cowry fruit , Chinese salacia
Hindi: सप्तरंगी Saptrangi
Telugu: కొండ గంగుడు Konda Gangudu
Bengali: dimal
Marathi: कुळकुळटा Kulkulta, किरमीरा Kirmira
Konkani: Satagan
Tamil: குட்டி Kutti, காக்கைப்பலா Kakkai-p-pal
Malayalam: മലമ്പാവെട്ട Malampaavetta, ചാറുക്കുന്നം Cherukkunnam, വെള്ളക്കുന്നം Vellakkunnam
Kannada: Hillange


Synonyms in Ayurveda: sairyaka

This herb is with seven whorls in its stem with a dark yellow colored bark- it gives the name Saptarangi- Saptachakra means seven whorls- to this. 
Rasa: Kashaya Tikta
Guna: Laghu Ruksha Teeskhsna
Veerya: Ushna
Vipaka: Katu
Karma: Kaphahara Pittahara

he root and the root bark are extensively used in the indigenous system of medicine as an anti diabetic due to their hypoglycemic activity. The roots are especially efficacious in milder chronic diabetic cases. The root contains leucopelargonidin, arabinose, dulcitol. ß-sitosterol and another sterol, and two resinous substances having hypoglycemic activity have also been reported.


Not known




Flowering in September-October; fruiting in January-March

Parts used for medicinal purpose

Bark, Root, ,


  1. Powder- 1-3 g
  2. Decoction - 50 -100 ml


A green tree or shrub growing up to 6-8 m tall  .
The leaf blade has an elliptical to a elliptical shape. Measures 6-10.5 cm long and 2-4.5 cm wide, it is corrugated on the edge or almost wholly, has a wedge-shaped base and a sharp top. The petiole is bare and grows up to 7-12 mm in length 
They are gathered in bunches , develop in the corners of the shoots. They have 5 divisions of the cup with an elliptical shape and growing up to 2 mm in length. The flowers have 8 stamens .
They have an ellipsoidal shape and reach 2.5 cm in diameter


It grows in forests. Occurs at an altitude of up to 800 m above sea level

Plant conservation:

not evaluated

General Use:

1.Saptarangi is useful in kapha-vata disorders.

2.Saptarangi also purifies pitta.


This herb is with seven whorls in its stem with a dark yellow colored bark- it gives the name Saptarangi- Saptachakra means seven whorls- to this. Saptachakra, Casearia essculanta is a drug of choice for diabetes. It works on the root cause of the diabetes and gives relief to the condition of diabetes by regulating the functions of liver and pancreas.

KEY WORDS: Saptachakra , Casearia esculenta

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