sahacara :Casearia esculenta is often only a shrub when growing in the open, though it can become more tree-like when growing in forests
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine, and is also occasionally used as a food.
VERNACULAR NAMESSanskrit: सप्तचक्र Saptachakra, स्वर्णमूलः Svarnamulah
English: wild cowry fruit , Chinese salacia
Hindi: सप्तरंगी Saptrangi
Telugu: కొండ గంగుడు Konda Gangudu
Marathi: कुळकुळटा Kulkulta, किरमीरा Kirmira
Tamil: குட்டி Kutti, காக்கைப்பலா Kakkai-p-pal
Malayalam: മലമ്പാവെട്ട Malampaavetta, ചാറുക്കുന്നം Cherukkunnam, വെള്ളക്കുന്നം Vellakkunnam
SynonymsSynonyms in Ayurveda: sairyaka
This herb is with seven whorls in its stem with a dark yellow colored bark- it gives the name Saptarangi- Saptachakra means seven whorls- to this.
Rasa: Kashaya Tikta
Guna: Laghu Ruksha Teeskhsna
Karma: Kaphahara Pittahara
he root and the root bark are extensively used in the indigenous system of medicine as an anti diabetic due to their hypoglycemic activity. The roots are especially efficacious in milder chronic diabetic cases. The root contains leucopelargonidin, arabinose, dulcitol. ß-sitosterol and another sterol, and two resinous substances having hypoglycemic activity have also been reported.
Harvesting:Flowering in September-October; fruiting in January-March
Parts used for medicinal purposeBark, Root, ,
- Powder- 1-3 g
- Decoction - 50 -100 ml
ECOLOGICAL ASPECT:It grows in forests. Occurs at an altitude of up to 800 m above sea level
Plant conservation:not evaluated
1.Saptarangi is useful in kapha-vata disorders.
2.Saptarangi also purifies pitta.
CONCLUSION:This herb is with seven whorls in its stem with a dark yellow colored bark- it gives the name Saptarangi- Saptachakra means seven whorls- to this. Saptachakra, Casearia essculanta is a drug of choice for diabetes. It works on the root cause of the diabetes and gives relief to the condition of diabetes by regulating the functions of liver and pancreas.
KEY WORDS: Saptachakra , Casearia esculenta
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