akhuparni :Akhuparni is a small plant found all over India in damp, moist regions. Root grows from each nodule of the plant spreading quickly on the ground. The leaves are kidney shaped and resemble the ear of the rat, hence the name Akhuparni. The flowers are small and are seen in the month of September to December. The seeds are smooth, drak brown to black in color.
HISTORICAL AND MYTHOLOGICAL REVIEW:Akhuparni is mentioned among several plants mentioned in Oushadhi Sukta in Rigveda which is one of the document on medicinal plants.
Kingdom: Plantae - Plants
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta - Vascular plants
Superdivision: Spermatophyta - Seed plants
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicotyledons
Family: Convolvulaceae - Morning-glory family
VERNACULAR NAMESSanskrit: Akhuparni
English: Roundleaf Bindweed
Hindi: Musakani, Chuhakanni
Telugu: Ellika Jemudu
Tamil: Elikatu Keerayi
Kannada: Ilikivi Gida
DefinitionAkhuparni - Leaf resemble the ear of rat.
SynonymsSynonyms in Ayurveda: vriddhadaru, akhuparni, akhukarni, shubhashreni, krushika, dravanti, undirkarnika, citra, sukarni, nyagrudhi, bhumiradashrava, mushikaparnika, vrishakarni, akhu vinna, musakaparni, bastantri, vriddhdaru, mishika kani
Rasa: Katu Tikta
Guna: Laghu Ruksha Teeskhsna
Karma: Kaphahara Vatahara
Akhuparni is used for the treatment of swelling, head ache, facial palsy, intestinal worms, snake poisoning, diabetes and skin diseases.
Cultivation:- From harbaceous stem cuttings.
STANDARDIZATION:No Specific data
PHARMACOLOGY:1. Yonivyapata : Inserting the root of Akhuparni into vaginal tract will be useful in all vaginal infections.
Parts used for medicinal purposeFlower, Fruit, Leaves, Root tuber, Stem, ,
Leaf powder : 3-5 gm
Decoction : 5ml
Fresh juice : 10-20ml
Root : 1-3gm
Purification:Bhavana done for akhuparni Swarasa along with other Swarasas.
Controversy:No associated controversy recorded
Commercial value:Commercial use as ingredient for ayurvedic medicine
Geographical distribution:It is seen in Asian tropical regions India, Nepal, Srilanka etc. Its also seen in Africa, Myanmar, Thailand, Indonesia & Australia.
ECOLOGICAL ASPECT:Commonly found among garden plants
Plant conservation:Not in threatened species
General Use:1. Treat Fever
Therapeutic Uses:1. Yonivyapata : Inserting the root of Akhuparni into vaginal tract will be useful in all vaginal infections.
Systemic Use:1. Mutramaya - For urinary tract disorders.
Administration:1. Oral - For krimi, agnimandhya etc
Research:Antioxidant properties of Hexane (IA),ethyl acetate (IB), Methanol (IC) and (25%) aqueous methanol (ID) extracts were studied by DPPH(1,1-Diphenyl-2-Picrylhydrozyl) radical scavenging activity method. Methanol extract exhibited construction of the coronary vessels in rabbit heart.It also had spasmolytic action on Guinea pig ileum, & hypotensive effect on influenced by atrophine sulphate in cats.
Toxicity studies:No adverse effects after use of Akhuparni
CONCLUSION:By knowing all the guna karma of Akhuparni we can come to conclusion that it is a good medicine for krimi. It is also a good Rasayana drug.It held an important place among valuable drugs of Ayurveda due to its action on the body in curing various diseases.
Ayurvedic Formulations:Common Ayurvedic Formulations of akhuparni with their Indications
KEY WORDS: Akhuparni
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