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Cultivation of tejasvini - Zanthoxylum alatum Roxb., Zanthoxylum ..

tejasvini :

tejasvini  : Zanthoxylum alatum Roxb., Zanthoxylum armatum DC.


Land preparation and fertilizer application

  • Land may be ploughed two to three times using disc harrow and cultivator to make it friable and weed-free.
  • About 10– 12 tonnes per hectare of FYM (farmyard manure) should be mixed with the soil as a basal dose before transplantation.

Transplanting and optimum spacing

  • After 10–12 months of growth in the nursery, transplanting in the field can be done during May–June if irrigation facilities are available.
  • Otherwise, it is done in July–August (monsoon season) under rain-fed conditions.
  • A spacing of 50 cm × 50 cm is recommended, which accommodates about 40 000 plants per hectare.

Interculture and maintenance practices

  • Weeding should be carried out during the initial establishment phase, 30–45 days after transplanting, and again at 60–80 days after transplanting.
  • Later, weeding may be carried out only as and when required.

Intercropping system

  • The plant can be grown as a mono crop as well as a mixed crop with herbaceous species.

Irrigation practices

  • The plant requires frequent irrigation during the establishment stage.
  • Once established, the plants are able to survive in rain-fed conditions and only life-support irrigation is required during the summer months.


  • Freshly harvested seeds are best for the large-scale cultivation of Zanthoxylum species. Mature seeds can be collected in June–July.
  • In the absence of sufficient seeds, terminal stem cuttings may be used as propagules.


Crop maturity and harvesting

  • Flowering appears on five-year-old plants in March–May.
  • Fruiting occurs in July–August.
  • The crop, thus, takes five to seven years to mature.
  • Fruits are collected in May–June.
  • Stem pieces, if needed, may be cut during January–February before the flowers appear.

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