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Chemical constituants of asthisamharaka - Cissus quandrangularis, ..

asthisamharaka :

asthisamharaka : Cissus quandrangularis, Vitis quandrangularis Linn. / Wall.

Phytochemistry:

Two new iridoids 6-O-[2,3-dimethoxy]-trans-cinnamoyl catalpol and 6-O-meta-methoxy-benzoyl catalpol along with a known iridoid picroside 1, two stilbenes quadrangularin A and pallidol, quercitin, quercitrin, beta-sitosterol and beta-sitosterol glycoside were isolated from Cissus quadrangularis Linn.

PHARMACOLOGY:

The ethno medicinal uses the whole plant of Cissus quadrangularis are bitter, sweet,sour, thermogenic , depurative, alternative, laxative, anthelmintic, carminative,digestive, stomachic,malaria, aphrodisiac,leprosy, ophthalmology, otorrhoea,chronic ulcer, epilepsy,convulsion, swelling, skin diseases and used in treatment of fractured bone. The plants are used for treatment of schistosomiasis.
The plant is used by Zulus as a drench for sick horses, aerial parts used as a poultice for wounds, lumpy skin disease and as tick repellant, brine shrimp toxicity, anti bacterial, anti-inflammatory, mutagenic. The stel are uses as pile, loss of appetite and constipation. Stem paste  used as scurvy and irregular menstruation, otorrhoea and epistaxis. Leaves and young shots are powerful bowel affection, concerned with indigestion. Juice of stem are dropped into otorrhoea and into nose in epistaxis. Decoction of Cissus quadrangularis are used in Bloddy diarrhoea , ear ache, tooth ache , gonorrhea and treatment of cancer.



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