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Cultivation of lashuna - Allum sativum Linn.

lashuna :

lashuna  : Allum sativum Linn.


Garlic was originally a plant of warm temperate areas with a distinct cold season and a change of daylength from short days in the winter to long days in the summer. In Spring, when days are cooler and shorter, the plant focuses mainly on leaf growth, but with lengthening, hotter days the focus moves to bulb production. The plant can be grown in tropical areas, but only really succeeds at elevations above 500 metres, and preferably below 2,00 metres. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 18 - 30°c, but can tolerate 7 - 35°c. It is able to tolerate temperatures down to at least -10°c. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 750 - 1,600mm, but tolerates 500 - 2,700mm.
Succeeds in most soils but prefers a sunny position in a moist light well-drained soil. Prefers a pH in the range 6 - 6.6, tolerating 5 - 8.5 Dislikes very acid soils. The bulb is liable to rot if grown in a wet soil


Plant out the cloves with their noses just below the soil surface


The plant takes 90 - 180 days from planting to harvesting. Yields are within the range of 5 - 10 t/ha.
The bulbs should be planted fairly deeply.
Whilst bulb formation occurs in response to increasing daylength and temperature, it is also influenced by the temperature at which the cloves were stored prior to planting. Cool storage at temperatures between 0 - 10°c will hasten subsequent bulb formation, storage at above 25°c will delay or prevent bulb formation.
There are a number of named varieties.
Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer

Garlic is ready to harvest when there are four or five brown leaves. 

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