dadima :Dadima is one of the herb mentioned in ayurveda. It has been been commomnly used as an edible fruit as well as for medicinal purpose
HISTORICAL AND MYTHOLOGICAL REVIEW:Pomegranate is native to a region from modern-day Iran to northern India. Pomegranates have been cultivated throughout the Middle East, South Asia, and Mediterranean region for several millennia, and also thrive in the drier climates of California and Arizona.Pomegranates may have been domesticated as early as the 5th millennium BC, as they were one of the first fruit trees to be domesticated in the eastern Mediterranean region.
Kingdom: Plantae - Plants
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta - Vascular plants
Superdivision: Spermatophyta - Seed plants
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicotyledons
Species: P. granatum
VERNACULAR NAMESSanskrit: Dadima ,Lohitapushpa,Dantabija
Hindi: Anar, Anar-ke-per
Bengali: Dadima, Dalim,Dalimgach
Gujarathi: Dadam, Dadam phala
Tamil: Madulam pazham
Kannada: Dalimba, Dalimbe hannu
DefinitionDadima - Fruits are cut open
SynonymsSynonyms in Ayurveda: dadima, dadim, lohitapushpaka, suphala, rocan, shukavalabha, sunil, raktakusum, shukapriya, dashanabij, raktapushpa, pindapushpa, dalima
Rasa: Amla Kashaya Madhura
Guna: Laghu Snigdha
Karma: Depana Hridya Pachana Pittahara Vatahara
It is one of the extensively used vegetable drug (Phala varga Dravya) in the therapeutics by Brihat trayi. The seeds are used in the treatment of Grahani, Atisara and Pravahika. Fresh juice of it’s flowers will be used as nasal drop in the management of epistaxis(Nasagata Raktapitta).
Propogation:Dadima is one of the herb mentioned in all ancient Sanskrit scriptures of Ayurveda . It has been commonly used as an edible fruit, as well as for medicinal purpose.
Relieves morbid thirst
Relieves burning sensations
Removes bad odour from stomach, throat and mouth
Absorbent, binds stools
Parts used for medicinal purposeBark, Flower, Fruit, Root, ,
Commercial value:Fruits are of commercial value. Roots are used only for medicinal purpose in Ayurveda.
Morphology:A shrub or small tree growing 5 to 10 m (16 to 33 ft) high. P. granatum leaves are opposite or subopposite, glossy, narrow oblong, entire, 3–7 cm (1.2–2.8 in) long and 2 cm (0.79 in) broad. The flowers are bright red and 3 cm (1.2 in) in diameter, with three to seven petals.
Red-purple in color, the pomegranate fruit husk has two parts: an outer, hard pericarp, and an inner, spongy mesocarp (white "albedo"), which comprises the fruit inner wall where arils attach. Membranes of the mesocarp are organized as nonsymmetrical chambers that contain seeds inside arils, which are embedded without attachment to the mesocarp.Containing juice, the arils are formed as a thin membrane derived from the epidermal cells of the seeds.The number of seeds in a pomegranate can vary from 200 to about 1,400.
Botanically, the edible fruit is a berry with seeds and pulp produced from the ovary of a single flower.The fruit is intermediate in size between a lemon and a grapefruit, 5–12 cm (2–5 in) in diameter with a rounded shape and thick, reddish husk
P. granatum is grown for its fruit crop, and as ornamental trees and shrubs in parks and gardens. Mature specimens can develop sculptural twisted-bark multiple trunks and a distinctive overall form. Pomegranates are drought-tolerant, and can be grown in dry areas with either a Mediterranean winter rainfall climate or in summer rainfall climates. In wetter areas, they can be prone to root decay from fungal diseases. They can be tolerant of moderate frost, down to about −12 °C (10 °F).
Insect pests of the pomegranate can include the pomegranate butterfly Virachola isocrates and the leaf-footed bug Leptoglossus zonatus, and fruit flies and ants are attracted to unharvested ripe fruit
Plant conservation:Not in conserved list
General Use:It is one of the extensively used vegetable drug (Phala varga Dravya) in the therapeutics by Brihat trayi. The seeds are used in the treatment of Grahani, Atisara and Pravahika. Fresh juice of it’s flowers will be used as nasal drop in the management of epistaxis(Nasagata Raktapitta)
Precautions:It causes constipation , hence people with such issues needs to watch out.
Toxicity studies:Non Toxic
CONCLUSION:Pomegranate is a sweet fruit which has very good medicinal and nutritional value and recommended to include in diet for all ages.
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